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Spring Cloud Gateway和Nacos实现动态路由

网关中有两个重要的概念,那就是路由配置和路由规则,路由配置是指配置某请求路径路由到指定的目的地址。而路由规则是指匹配到路由配置之后,再根据路由规则进行转发处理。
Spring Cloud Gateway作为所有请求流量的入口,在实际生产环境中为了保证高可靠和高可用,尽量避免重启,需要实现Spring Cloud Gateway动态路由配置。

Spring Cloud Gateway的官方文档并没有讲如何动态配置,查看 Spring Cloud Gateway的源码,发现在org.springframework.cloud.gateway.actuate.GatewayControllerEndpoint类中提供了动态配置的Rest接口,但是需要开启Gateway的端点,而且提供的功能不是很强大。通过参考和 GatewayControllerEndpoint 相关的代码,可以自己编码实际动态路由配置。

用IDE新建Maven工程

pom.xml
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.2.2.RELEASE</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.xiaotang</groupId>
<artifactId>springcloud-gateway</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>springcloud-gateway</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot Gateway</description>

<properties>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>
<spring-cloud.version>Hoxton.SR1</spring-cloud.version>
<spring-cloud-alibaba-dependencies.version>0.2.2.RELEASE</spring-cloud-alibaba-dependencies.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-discovery</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
<optional>true</optional>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
<exclusions>
<exclusion>
<groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
<artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
</exclusion>
</exclusions>
</dependency>
</dependencies>

<dependencyManagement>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
<version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-alibaba-dependencies</artifactId>
<version>${spring-cloud-alibaba-dependencies.version}</version>
<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>

</dependencyManagement>

<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>

</project>
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